Allemannsretten (meaning "everyman's right") is a law that allows everyone to roam free on uncultivated land in Norway. By cultivated land it means privately owned land, meadows, pastures, gardens, building plots, and industrial sites. In practical sense this means that you are free to hike, camp and enjoy the fresh air in forests, mountains, and coastal areas, which make up the majority of Norwegian nature.
Are there any limitations to Allemannsretten?
- While allemannsretten gives you a lot of freedom, it is important to note the following:
- Respect nature - do not leave any rubbish in the nature and do not disturb the wildlife. Leave nature the way you wish to find it.
- You can hike and camp in uncultivated areas without the consent of the inhabitants as long as you do not disturb them and keep at least 150 meters away from the inhabitants' property. If you want to camp in the same place for more than 2 days, you have get permission from the inhabitants. This does not apply when you camp in the mountains and remote areas.
- Campfires in and near forests is prohibited between 15th of April to 15th of September. However, it may be allowed in places where the fire hazard is very unlikely. Please remember that you are legally responsible for ensuring a safe campfire.
- Fishing in saltwater by land and small boats is allowed without a license as long as this is for your own use. Hunting and fishing in freshwater is not part of allemannsretten. Hunting and fishing in freshwater areas, such as rivers and lakes, is only possible with the permission of the landowner and those with a license for hunting and fishing, respectively. Foraging mushrooms, berries, herbs and wildflowers is generally allowed. In Norway, cloudberries can only be picked if eaten on the spot where you picked them.
By respecting nature, the animals, and the local inhabitants, we can together ensure that everyone has the chance to enjoy the outdoors. Have a pleasant trip!
Norsk Friluftsliv - https://norskfriluftsliv.no/hva-er-allemannsretten/ (Norwegian)
Visit Norway - https://www.visitnorway.com/plan-your-trip/travel-tips-a-z/right-of-access/
When nature calls - five tips for toilet visits in nature
1. Be prepared and bring what you need out.
This includes do-paper, rubbing alcohol (anti-bac), a small shovel and a plastic bag, preferably with ziplock, for used paper, bandages and tampons.
2. Walk far away from the path.
Move away from trails, tent sites, picnic areas, buildings and other places where others are likely to walk or sit down. Do not use the area directly behind a building, someone may want to sit in the shelter here, when there is a storm.
3. Find a place well away from the water.
Walk at least 100 meters away from streams, rivers or lakes where hikers fill their water bottle, fish and swim. This is important to prevent contamination of streams or water.
4. Dig a hole in the ground.
If you are in the forest and the soil is soft, you can dig a hole, about 20 cm deep. When you are done, refill with soil, rocks, moss or twigs. If it is not possible to dig, use stones to cover up.
5. Take the dope paper home.
Nature uses two to four weeks, sometimes several months, breaking down the dope paper. It is also not pleasant for others to come across signs after your toilet visit. Aside that it can blow away or taken/ eaten by animals. If you have a camp fire, the paper can also be burned there.
Norsk Friluftsliv: https://norskfriluftsliv.no/pa-tide-at-folk-laerer-seg-dovett-pa-tur/ (Norwegian)